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Keywords: MPI, OpenMPI, Multi-Cluster, Computational Modeling
A multi-cluster computational environment with mixed-mode (MPI + OpenMP) parallelism for estimation of unknown regional electrical conductiv- ities of the human head, based on realistic geometry from segmented MRI up to 256 voxels resolution, is described. A finite difference multi-component al- ternating direction implicit (ADI) algorithm, parallelized using OpenMP, is used to solve the forward problem calculation describing the electrical field distribu- tion throughout the head given known electrical sources. A simplex search in the multi-dimensional parameter space of tissue conductivities is conducted in par- allel across a distributed system of heterogeneous computational resources. The theoretical and computational formulation of the problem is presented. Results from test studies based on the synthetic data are provided, comparing retrieved conductivities to known solutions from simulation. Performance statistics are also given showing both the scaling of the forward problem and the performance dy- namics of the distributed search.
Created: Tue Dec 6 17:58:59 2005
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